What is safeguarding? CHANGE

Picture based, accessible document to explain safeguarding.

Childrens Legal Centre

Series of factsheets safeguarding and legal issues affecting young refugees and migrants

NSPCC Learning

Provides information on what your organisation can do to protect children from harm and resources to keep the children and families you work or volunteer with safe.

The Situation of Children in Immigrant Families in the United Kingdom

Crawley, H. (2009) Innocenti Working Paper No. 2009-18, Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Working with Children and Young People subject to Immigration Control:

Guidelines for best practice, 2nd edition, March 2012, Heaven Crawley/ILPA

Working Together to Safeguard Children:

A guide to inter-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children

Migrant Mental Health

Doctors of the World factsheet

Migrants Children’s Project

Housing and education

Shelter England

Help if you're homeless

Short and long-term housing options for homeless refugees and asylum seekers.

Asylum seekers' accommodation options

Housing and support rights for asylum seekers awaiting a decision.

Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Housing pathways of new immigrants.

UK Migrants and the Private Rented Sector

Keys to the City

Refugee Council report - How the next Mayor of London can help end refugee homelessness.

Refugee Integration Loans

To help pay for housing deposits.

Rights and entitlements to housing for new arrivals

Housing Associations Charitable Trust (HACT)

HACT Website

Together for Communities

Experiences from partnerships, transforming neighbourhoods (2011).

Reach In project

Toolkit for recruiting and working with refugee volunteers in housing projects.

Literacy Trust

Understanding bilingualism in the early years. Resources for parents and professionals.

Children’s Legal Centre

Information on access to compulsory education for migrant children.

Bilingualism Matters

Resources on bilingualism, some in different languages.

The BHA (Black health agency)

The Routes Project 2009-13.

Private fostering

Private Fostering

Information and advice on private fostering.

Specific protection concerns & barriers to support

Safeguarding African children in the UK series

AFRUCA: What is Child Trafficking? What is Private Fostering? What is Female Genital Mutilation? What is Witchcraft Abuse? What is Physical Abuse? What is Sexual Abuse? 

Child Protection: a cultural divide

Children & Young People Now, (2006).

Effectively protecting black and minority ethnic children from harm

Overcoming barriers to the child protection process. Harran E, 2002. Child Abuse Review Vol. 11: 411–414


Forced labour in the UK

Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Research into the nature, scale and scope of forced labour in the UK (2014).

Modern slavery in the United Kingdom

How they stole my childhood

Telegraph interview on child slavery, 2008 

Between decent work and forced labour

Examining the continuum of exploitation. Klara Skrivankova, 2010. Joseph Rowntree Foundation 

Experiences of forced labour among Chinese migrant workers

Carolyn Kagan et al., 2011. Joseph Rowntree Foundation 

Turning the Tide 

How best to protect workers employed by gangmasters, five years after Morecambe Bay. Oxfam, 2009. 

Protecting children from sexual exploitation

NSPCC Learning

Migrant workers

Child first, migrant second.

Ensuring that every child matters. ILPA, 2006 

Migrants Rights

Ueful rights based website, includes sources of legal help and links to organisations that provide practical help to migrants. 

Workers on the Move 3

European migrant workers and health in the UK. Migrant workers’ experiences and perceptions of local health services and migrant workers’ uptake of and attitudes towards health promotion activities in the UK.

Work, care and life among low-paid migrant workers in London

Towards a migrant ethic of care. Datta K, McIlwaine C, Evans Y, Herbert J, May J & Wills J, 2006 (about balancing working hours and childcare) 

Be Tough, Never Let Them See What It Does To You

Towards an understanding of the emotional Lives of economic migrants. Lee-Treweek G. 2010. Journal of Work, Organisations and Emotions, vol.4 no.1, pp.206-226. ssn: 1740-8938 

Faith based or spiritual healing 

Safeguarding Children’s Rights

Exploring issues of witchcraft and spirit possession in London’s African communities. Trust for London, 2011 



Poppy Project: support to trafficking survivors 

Safeguarding children who may have been trafficked

Guidance for those working with children.

Stop the Traffick: Resources

Eg: information card: testimonies and signposting 

Trafficked Children Toolkit

Staffordshire & Stoke-on-Trent Safeguarding Children Boards. (2015)

ECPAT interactive, practical E-learning training 

Look closer to spot exploitation

The Children's Society - Spotting and reporting signs of exploitation

Domestic violence

Survivors Handbook

Available in various languages and formats. Contains specific sections on women from abroad and immigration. Women’s Aid. 

Forced marriage

Children and young people in the asylum system

(For information on adult asylum seekers, see Module 1) 

Supporting refugee and asylum seeking children

YoungMinds - Resources professionals who are supporting asylum seeking and refugee children across England.

Promoting children’s rights

Publications from Children’s Legal Centre.

Services for children and young people

Refugee Council.

Where do child asylum seekers to the UK come from?

Guardian, June 2010

Safe at Last? Children on the Front Line of UK Border Control.

Save the Children.

Asylum seeker kills himself so child can stay in Britain.

The Independent, 2005 

I did not choose to come here

Listening to refugee children, Selam Kidane.

The Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture

Provides care and rehabilitation to survivors of torture and other forms of organised violence.

The Baobab Centre for Young Survivors in Exile 


Being a child refugee, applying for asylum, living in the UK.

Risk and resilience for psychological distress amongst unaccompanied asylum seeking adolescents.

Hodes M, 2008. Published in Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 49, issue 7, pp. 723-732 

Levelling the playing field

A UNICEF UK report into provision of services to unaccompanied or separated migrant children in three local authority areas in England

Between a rock and a hard place

Negotiating age and identity in the UK asylum system. Crawley H, 2009. pp. 89-106 in N. Thomas (Ed.) Children, Politics and Communication: Participation at the Margins, Bristol: Policy Press 

When is a Child not a Child?

Asylum, Age Disputes and the Process of Age Assessment. Crawley H, 2007. London: ILPA 


I don’t feel human

Experiences of destitution among young refugees and migrants - The Children’s Society (2012).

Red Cross: 21 Days Later

Destitution and the Asylum System


National network of organisations and charities, working together to end destitution amongst people seeking asylum, refugees and other migrants.

The Destitution Trap 

The Second Destitution Tally

An indication of the extent of destitution among asylum seekers, refused asylum seekers and refugees 



The Association of Visitors to Immigration Detainees. 
Telephone: 0207 281 0533


Bail for Immigration Detainees. BID London office for all general queries and detainees Tel: 020 7456 9750 Email:

Detention Action

Freephone for detainees: 0800 587 2096 


The Law Society

Search for solicitors approved by the Solicitors Regulation Authority.
Tel: 0870 606 6575 

The Immigration Law Practitioners' Association (ILPA)

Search the directory of members to find an immigration advisor near you.

Asylum Aid

Provides free legal advice and representation for asylum seekers.
Advice Line: 020 7247 8741; Tel: 020 7377 5123

Immigration Advice Service

Provides representation and advice on immigration and asylum law with offices across England, Wales, and Scotland. Tel: 0333 305 9375

Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants

Offers free legal advice on immigration, nationality and asylum matters. Irregular migrants helpline: 020 7553 7470

Advice Now guides

Relevant guides, available online 

Migrant Help

Free asylum helpline: 0808 8010 503

Rainbow Migration

Supporting LGBTQI+ people through the asylum and immigration system
Tel: 020 7922 7811