What is safeguarding? CHANGE

Picture based, accessible document to explain safeguarding.

Childrens Legal Centre

Free translated downloads on safeguarding and protection issues.

Keeping our children safe:

Raising awareness in black and minority ethnic communities. The Safe Network. A multi-lingual CD-ROM for trainers or group leaders working in black and minority ethnic (BME) communities, to raise awareness of children's safeguarding issues and the role and responsibilities of the organisations involved in keeping children safe.

The Situation of Children in Immigrant Families in the United Kingdom

Crawley, H. (2009) Innocenti Working Paper No. 2009-18, Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Working with Children and Young People subject to Immigration Control:

Guidelines for Best Practice. Crawley, H (2004) London: ILPA

Working Together to Safeguard Children:

A guide to inter-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children

Campaign on migrant mental health, MIND

Migrants Children’s Project

Housing and education

Together for Communities

Experiences from partnerships, transforming neighbourhoods. HACT, 2011

Reach In project, HACT

Toolkit for recruiting and working with refugee volunteers in housing projects.

Bilingualism: supporting new parents.

Literacy Trust

Criteria and process for school allocation.

Children Missing from Education

Guidelines and Practice Manchester City Council 2006

Routes project.

The BHA (Black health agency): support to newly arrived families to access services, particularly education.

Private Fostering

Private Fostering

Guidance, checklists, referral pathways and links 

Specific protection concerns & barriers to support

Safeguarding African children in the UK series

AFRUCA: What is Child Trafficking? What is Private Fostering? What is Female Genital Mutilation? What is Witchcraft Abuse? What is Physical Abuse? What is Sexual Abuse? 

Child Protection: a cultural divide

Children Now, 2006 

Effectively protecting black and minority ethnic children from harm

Overcoming barriers to the child protection process. Harran E, 2002. Child Abuse Review Vol. 11: 411–414


How can we reduce forced labour in the UK, and support its victims?

Joseph Rowntree Foundation project 

Modern slavery in the United Kingdom

Gary Craig, Aline Gaus, Mick Wilkinson, Klara Skrivankova and Aidan McQuade, 2007. Joseph Rowntree Foundation 

How they stole my childhood

Telegraph interview on child slavery, 2008 

Between decent work and forced labour

Examining the continuum of exploitation. Klara Skrivankova, 2010. Joseph Rowntree Foundation 

Experiences of forced labour among Chinese migrant workers

Carolyn Kagan et al., 2011. Joseph Rowntree Foundation 

Turning the Tide 

How best to protect workers employed by gangmasters, five years after Morecambe Bay. Oxfam, 2009. 


Combating sexual exploitation 

Migrant workers

Children of Migrant Workers Network to support professionals who work with children of migrant workers

Contact Sean O'Neill, Policy Director:

Child first, migrant second.

Ensuring that every child matters. ILPA, 2006 

Migrants Rights

Ueful rights based website, includes sources of legal help and links to organisations that provide practical help to migrants. 

Workers on the Move 2

European migrant workers and health in the UK. Migrant workers’ experiences and perceptions of local health services and migrant workers’ uptake of and attitudes towards health promotion activities in the UK.

Work, care and life among low-paid migrant workers in London

Towards a migrant ethic of care. Datta K, McIlwaine C, Evans Y, Herbert J, May J & Wills J, 2006 (about balancing working hours and childcare) 

Be Tough, Never Let Them See What It Does To You

Towards an understanding of the emotional Lives of economic migrants. Lee-Treweek G. 2010. Journal of Work, Organisations and Emotions, vol.4 no.1, pp.206-226. ssn: 1740-8938 

Faith based or spiritual healing 

Safeguarding Children’s Rights

Exploring issues of witchcraft and spirit possession in London’s African communities. Trust for London, 2011 



Domestic violence

Survivors Handbook

Available in various languages and formats. Contains specific sections on women from abroad and immigration. Women’s Aid. 

Forced marriage

Children and young people in the asylum system

(For information on adult asylum seekers, see Module 1) 

Asylum Seeking and Refugee Children and Young People

Good Practice Website 

Seeking Support: a guide to the rights and entitlements of separated refugee and asylum seeking children.

Childrens Legal Centre, 2009 

Children’s Panel, Refugee Council

Advice and support to young people and service providers. Work on age dispute cases. 

Where do child asylum seekers to the UK come from?

Guardian, June 2010

Does every Child Matter?

Children seeking asylum in Britain. Refugee and Migrant Justice, 2009 

Safe at Last? Children on the Front Line of UK Border Control.

Refugee and Migrant Justice, 2010 

Asylum seeker kills himself so child can stay in Britain.

The Independent, 2005 

I did not choose to come here

Listening to refugee children, Selam Kidane. BAAF: British Association of Adoption and Fostering 

The Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture

Provides care and rehabilitation to survivors of torture and other forms of organised violence.

The Baobab Centre for Young Survivors in Exile 

Going it alone: Children in the asylum process.

The Children’s Society 2007 

Risk and resilience for psychological distress amongst unaccompanied asylum seeking adolescents.

Hodes M, 2008. Published in Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 49, issue 7, pp. 723-732 

Levelling the playing field

A UNICEF UK report into provision of services to unaccompanied or separated migrant children in three local authority areas in England

Between a rock and a hard place

Negotiating age and identity in the UK asylum system. Crawley H, 2009. pp. 89-106 in N. Thomas (Ed.) Children, Politics and Communication: Participation at the Margins, Bristol: Policy Press 

When is a Child not a Child?

Asylum, Age Disputes and the Process of Age Assessment. Crawley H, 2007. London: ILPA 


Living on the edge of despair

Destitution amongst asylum seeking and refugee children. The Children’s Society 2008 

Red Cross: 21 Days Later

Destitution and the Asylum System

The Destitution Trap 

The Second Destitution Tally

An indication of the extent of destitution among asylum seekers, refused asylum seekers and refugees 



The Association of Visitors to Immigration Detainees. 
Telephone: 0207 354 9631 Ext. 222


Bail for Immigration Detainees. BID London office: for all general queries and detainees: 020 7247 3590 

London Detainee Support Group

Freephone for detainees: 0800 587 2096 


Community Legal Advice

can refer you to a solicitor/adviser who specialises in asylum cases and who is approved to give free advice under legal aid.
Telephone: 0845 345 4 345.

The Law Society

has a directory in which you can search for solicitors approved by the Solicitors Regulation Authority under the Immigration and Asylum Accreditation Scheme. Telephone: 0870 606 6575 

The Immigration Law Practitioners' Association (ILPA)

has a members’ directory on their website. Telephone: 020 7251 8383.

Asylum Aid

Provides free legal advice and representation for asylum seekers.
Advice Line: 020 7247 8741; Telephone: 020 7377 5123

Immigration Advisory Service

Provides representation and advice on immigration and asylum law with offices across England, Wales, and Scotland. Telephone: 020 7967 1200 

Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants

Offers free legal advice on immigration, nationality and asylum matters. Advice Line: 020 7251 8706 

Advice Now guides

Relevant guides, available online 

Migrant Helpline

Provides advice and support for asylum seekers entering and living in the UK. 
Telephone: 020 8774 0002 

Refugee Legal Centre

Offers legal advice and representation to asylum seekers and refugees. Telephone: 020 7780 3200 

UK Lesbian and Gay Immigration Group

Provides advice for lesbian and gay asylum seekers.
Telephone: 020 7922 7811